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Business Web Site Development Glossary of Terms
for web browser, a software application used to locate and display
The two most popular browsers are Microsoft Internet Explorer
and Netscape Navigator. Both of these are graphical browsers, which means that they can
display graphics as well as text. In addition, most modern browsers can
present multimedia information, including sound and video, though they require
plug-ins for some formats.
system used as an information source and forum for a particular interest group.
They were widely used in the U.S. to distribute shareware and drivers and had
their heyday before the World Wide Web took off. A BBS functions somewhat like a
stand-alone web site, but without graphics. However,
unlike web sites, each BBS has its own telephone number to dial into.
Today, BBSs are still used throughout the world where there is much less direct
Internet access, and many serve as e-mail gateways to the Internet. Some BBSs
are still in use in the U.S. and software companies may continue to maintain
them as alternatives to their web sites for downloading drivers.
or Plug–In that monitors the number of times a given page or file has been
Dedicated Web Server
Dedicated Web Server
that contains a single domain name and unique IP address.
for Domain Name Registration. See Domain Registration.
Domain Name System (or Service), an Internet service that translates domain
names into IP addresses. Because domain names are alphabetic, they're easier to
remember. The Internet however, is really based on IP Addresses. Every time you
use a domain name, therefore, a DNS service must translate the name into the
corresponding IP address. For example, the domain name www.example.com might
translate to 22.214.171.124.
The act of
registering a Domain, then placing it on a server for future reservation or
usage purposes. Commonly used tactic for reserving name similar or
relevant to the original (i.e., reserving the .com, .net and .org of a given domain name).
referring of one IP to another IP. A common example is when you type in one
Internet Address, and another Address almost immediately appears.
of registering an Internet Domain Name with interNIC, the governing body of
domain names. An Internet domain name is an organization's unique name combined
with a top level domain name (TLD). For example, this web
site is smallbusinesswebsitedevelopers.com. Following are the top level
domains. The .edu, .mil and .gov domains are traditionally U.S. domains. At the
end of 1999, more than six million domain names were registered. Needless to
say, many more are expected.
business on line. This includes, for example, buying and selling products with
digital cash and via Electronic Data Interchange.
utility that automatically sends a reply to an e-mail message. Autoresponders
are used to send back boilerplate information on a topic without having the
requester do anything more than e-mail a particular address. They are also used
to send a confirmation that the message has been received.
e-mail to its correct destination. There are web sites that provide a name
service either for a fee or at no cost because they are advertiser supported.
These sites let you choose a permanent e-mail address, and all mail sent to that
address is forwarded to your currently-active e-mail provider. If you ever
change providers, you only have to update your forwarding information at these
computer in a network that provides "post office" facilities. It stores incoming
mail for distribution to users and forwards outgoing mail through the
appropriate channel. The term may refer to just the software that performs this
service, which can reside on a machine with other services.
404 - not found
message that is commonly displayed when a web browser cannot locate a web page
or CGI script. The link to a web page (URL) is static like a telephone number in
a telephone book. A web site can use software to search each link that it
references for validity, but there is no program that can automatically find the
new address for the missing link. The webmaster can also replace the 404 message
with something more understandable.
Software used to manage files on a disk. It provides functions to delete, copy,
move, rename and view files as well as create and manage directories. The file
manager in Windows 3.x was appropriately named File Manager. In Windows 95/98,
NT 4.0 and 2000, the file manager is known as Explorer.
popular web authoring program from Microsoft for Windows and the Mac. FrontPage
Editor is the graphical editor for designing the pages and FrontPage Explorer is
the management tool that lets you construct and maintain the entire site. It
also includes WebBots, which generate code for complex functions such as
searching and password protection.
FrontPage extensions are a series of files allowing FrontPage as an authoring
tool on a web server.
Abbreviation of File Transfer Protocol, the protocol used on the Internet for
of tracking information and comments from visitors to a domain. Usually made
for accepting comments and entering personal or demographic information about
the domains visitors.
HyperText Markup Language, the authoring language used to create documents on
the World Wide Web.
single graphic image containing more than one hot spot. For example, imagine a
graphic of a bowl of fruit. When you click on a banana, the system displays the
number of calories in a banana and when you click on an apple, it displays the
number of calories in an apple. Image maps are used extensively on the World
Wide Web. Each hot spot in a web image map takes you to a different
advertisement on a web page. Advertising on the web is typically sold on a cost
per thousand (CPM) basis, and one impression is essentially one banner ad.
Microsoft's web browser. Like Netscape Navigator, Internet Explorer enables you
also supports ActiveX.
application that runs on a personal computer or workstation and enables you to
send, receive and organize e-mail. It's called a client because e-mail systems
are based on a client-server architecture. Mail is sent from many clients to a
central server, which re-routes the mail to its intended destination.
The act of
pointing one Domain’s MX Record to another IP address, thereby relaying it to
agreement between a credit card processor and a seller that establishes the
rules for accepting credit card purchases and transferring funds.
HTML tag that provides information about a web page. Unlike normal HTML tags,
meta tags do not affect how the page is displayed. Instead, they provide
information such as who created the page, how often it is updated, what the page
is about, and which keywords represent the page's content.
Officially called Netscape Communications Corporation, Netscape was founded by
James H. Clark and Marc Andreessen in 1994. It revolutionized the computer
software market by giving away for free its popular Navigator Web Browser.
technique for encrypting messages developed by Philip Zimmerman. PGP is one of
the most common ways to protect messages on the Internet because it is
effective, easy to use, and free. PGP is based on the public-key method, which
uses two keys -- one is a public key that you disseminate to anyone from whom
you want to receive a message. The other is a private key that you use to
decrypt messages that you receive.
Personal Home Page is a server-side, HTML embedded scripting language used to
create dynamic web pages.
Internet Groper) An Internet utility used to determine whether a particular IP
address is online. It is used to test and debug a network by sending out a
packet and waiting for a response.
for Post Office Protocol, a protocol used to retrieve e-mail from a mail server.
Most e-mail applications (sometimes called an e-mail client) use the POP
protocol, although some can use the newer IMAP (Internet Message Access
Office Protocol 3 A standard mail server commonly used on the Internet. It
provides a message store that holds incoming e-mail until users log on and
download it. POP3 is a simple system with little selectivity. All pending
messages and attachments are downloaded at the same time. POP3 uses the SMTP
Corporation offers streaming audio. Streaming audio is an audio transmission
over a data network. The term implies a one-way transmission to the listener, in
which both the client and server cooperate for uninterrupted sound. The client
side buffers a few seconds of audio data before it starts sending it to the
speakers, which compensates for momentary delays in packet delivery. Audio
conferencing, on the other hand, requires real-time two-way transmission for
Corporation offers streaming video as well. Streaming video is Video
transmission over a data network. The term implies a one-way transmission to the
viewer, in which both the client and server software cooperate for uninterrupted
motion. The client side buffers a few seconds of video data before it starts
sending it to the screen, which compensates for momentary delays in packet
delivery. Videoconferencing, on the other hand, requires real-time two-way
transmission for effective results
hierarchical file systems, the starting point in the hierarchy. When the
computer is first started, the root directory is the current directory. Access
to directories in the hierarchy requires naming the directories that are in its
that searches documents for specified keywords and returns a list of the
documents where the keywords were found. Although search engine is really a
general class of programs, the term is often used to specifically describe
systems like Alta Vista and Excite that enable users to search for documents on
the World Wide Web and USENET newsgroups.
See Virtual Web Server.
shopping cart is a piece of software that acts as an online store's catalog and
ordering process. Typically, a shopping cart is the interface between a
company's web site and its deeper infrastructure, allowing consumers to select
merchandise; review what they have selected; make necessary modifications or
additions; and purchase the merchandise.
(Server-parsed HTML) A file extension used to identify HTML pages that contain
server-side includes. Server-parsed means that the server scans the page for
commands that require additional insertion before the page is sent to the user.
Virtual Web Server
for Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, a protocol for sending e-mail messages
between servers. Most e-mail systems that send mail over the Internet use SMTP
to send messages from one server to another; the messages can then be retrieved
with an e-mail client using either POP or IMAP.
Abbreviation of structured query language, and pronounced either see-kwell or as
separate letters. SQL is a standardized query language for requesting
information from a database. The original version called SEQUEL (structured
English query language) was designed by an IBM research center in 1974 and 1975.
SQL was first introduced as a commercial database system in 1979 by Oracle
Secure Sockets Layer, a protocol developed by Netscape for transmitting private
documents via the Internet. SSL works by using a private key to encrypt data
that's transferred over the SSL connection.
program that tracks information either by input of a form (like a guestbook) or
by monitoring information about the users that visit (i.e., name, location,
age, IP address, etc.).
A method of putting multiple domains under one
“Parent” domain by separating them with a period.
dedicated phone connection supporting data rates of 1.544Mbits per second. A T-1
line actually consists of 24 individual channels, each of which supports 64Kbits
per second. Each 64Kbit/second channel can be configured to carry voice or data
traffic. Most telephone companies allow you to buy just some of these individual
channels, known as fractional T-1 access.
dedicated phone connection supporting data rates of about 43 Mbps. A T-3 line
actually consists of 672 individual channels, each of which supports 64 Kbps.
files to a second medium (a disk or tape) as a precaution in case the first
multi-user, multitasking operating system developed at Bell Labs in the early
1970s. Created by just a handful of programmers, UNIX was designed to be a
small, flexible system used exclusively by programmers.
Abbreviation of Uniform Resource Locator, the global address of documents and
other resources on the World Wide Web. The first part of the address indicates
what protocol to use, and the second part specifies the IP address or the domain
name where the resource is located.
World Wide Web, a server that contains multiple web
sites, each with its own domain name. As of the first version of the web
protocol (HTTP 1.0), each web site on a virtual host must be assigned a unique
IP address. HTTP Version 1.1 eliminates this requirement.
computer that acts as a source of information or signals. The term can refer to
almost any kind of computer, from a centralized mainframe that is a host to its
terminals, to a server that is host to its clients, to a desktop PC that is host
to its peripherals. In network architectures, a client station (user's machine)
is also considered a host, because it is a source of information to the network
in contrast to a device such as a router or switch that directs traffic.
A computer that delivers
(serves up) web pages. Every web server has an IP address and possibly a domain
name. For example, if you enter the URL http://www.pcwebopedia.com/index.html in
your browser, this sends a request to the server whose domain name is
pcwebopedia.com. The server then fetches the page named index.html and sends it
to your browser.
advanced version of the Windows operating system. Windows NT is a 32-bit
operating system that supports preemptive multitasking. There are actually two
versions of Windows NT: Windows NT Server, designed to act as a server in
networks, and Windows NT Workstation for stand-alone or client workstations.
eXtensible Markup Language, a specification developed by the W3C.
XML is a pared-down version of SGML, designed
especially for web documents. It allows designers to create their own customized
tags, enabling the definition, transmission, validation, and interpretation of
data between applications and between organizations.